WGIN 4 Publications ( * indicates where 1st and / or last author is not WGIN funded)
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) as part of Wheat Genetic Improvement Network phases 3 and 4 (CH0106 and CH0109)


Rowena Hill, Michelle Grey, Mariano Olivera Fedi, Daniel P Smith, Sabrina J Ward, Gail Canning, Naomi Irish, Jade Smith, Vanessa McMillan, Jess Hammond, Sarah-Jane Osborne, Tania Chancellor, David Swarbreck, Neil Hall, Javier Palma-Guerrero, Kim E Hammond-Kosack, Mark McMullan (2024) Evolutionary genomics reveals variation in structure and genetic content implicated in virulence and lifestyle in the genus Gaeumannomyces. BioRxiv WGIN Resource used: Isolate methods to recover Take-all isolations from soil cores  and the WGIN Diversity field trial

Shifeng Cheng, about 50 other authors, and Simon Griffiths (2024) Harnessing Landrace Diversity Empowers Wheat Breeding for Climate Resilience WGIN Resource used: Watkins wheat collection


*Al Zadjali, Mahira, Rabiey, Mojgan, McMillan, Vanessa, Shaw, Liz, Hammond-Kosack, Kim, Malone, Jacob, Mauchline, Tim, Jackson, Robert*;  (2023) Characterizing the influence of first year wheat cultivar on Pseudomonas selection and function in a Take-all infected field.  Crops 3 (3), 195-208. WGIN  resources used: WGIN protocols established to explore take-all fungus in the soil rhizosphere.

*Tania Chancellor, Daniel P Smith, Wanxin Chen, Suzanne J Clark, Eudri Venter, Kirstie Halsey, Vanessa McMillan, Gail Canning, Kim E Hammond-Kosack, Javier Palma-Guerrero* (2023) Exploring the family feud: a fungal endophyte induces local cell wall-mediated resistance in wheat roots against the closely related" take-all" pathogen. BioRxiv WGIN  resources used: WGIN diversity trial and take-all fungal isolates recovered from the soil cores taken from this trial.


*Oszvald M, Hassall KL, Hughes D, Torres-Ballesteros A, Clark I, Riche AB and Heuer S* (2022) Genetic Diversity in Nitrogen Fertiliser Responses and N Gas Emission in Modern Wheat, Frontiers in Plant Science, section Plant Nutrition. Note - all authors, except Andrew Riche, are not part of the WGIN project.


Chapman, E.A.,  Orford, S.,  Lage, J. & Griffiths S. (2021) Capturing and Selecting Senescence Variation in Wheat Frontiers In Plant Science (

Chapman, E. A., Orford, S., Lage, J., & Griffiths, S. (2021). Delaying or delivering: identification of novel NAM-1 alleles that delay senescence to extend wheat grain fill duration. Journal of Experimental Botany72(22), 7710-7728.

Dreisigacker, S., Burgueño, J., Pacheco, A., Molero, G., Sukumaran, S., Rivera-Amado, C., ... & Griffiths, S. (2021). Effect of flowering time-related genes on biomass, harvest index, and grain yield in CIMMYT elite spring bread wheat. Biology10(9), 855.

Hammond-Kosack, M.C.U., King, R., Kanyuka, K. and Hammond-Kosack, K.E. (2021) Exploring the diversity of promoter and 5’UTR sequences in ancestral, historic and modern wheat.  Plant Biotechnology Journal  Volume19, Issue12 December 2021 Pages 2469-2487 (accepted 8th July 2021) Impact factor – 8.154.  Invited by Journal to provide the Front Cover image With RRes press release  on 28th October 2021 - WGIN  resources used: WGIN promotome capture data set, Watkins lines and T. monococcum lines

Alba Farre Martinez,  Clare Lister, Sue Freeman, Jun Ma, Simon Berry, Luzie Wingen and  Simon Griffiths (2021) Resolving a QTL complex for height, heading, and grain yield on chromosome 3A in bread wheat (2021) Journal of Experimental Botany 72, 2965–2978 (published Feb 2021)

Palma-Guerrero, J., Chancellor, T., Spong, J., Canning, G., Hammond, J., McMillan V. E.  and Hammond-Kosack, K.E. (2021) Take-all disease: New insights into an important wheat root pathogen. Trends in Plant Sciences (published March 2021). WGIN Resource used: WGIN Diversity trial over multiple years

*Zhou H, Riche AB, Hawkesford MJ, Whalley WR, Atkinson BS, Sturrock CJ, Mooney SJ* (2021) Determination of wheat spike and spikelet architecture and grain traits using X-ray Computed Tomography imaging. Plant Methods (doi: 10.21203/


*Farre-Martinez A., et al (2020) "Resolving a QTL complex for height, heading, and grain yield on chromosome 3A in bread wheat" bioRxiv 2020.02.14.947846; doi:
WGIN Resource used: Avalon x Cadenza NILs

Hawkesford MJ, Riche AB (2020) Impacts of G x E x M on Nitrogen Use Efficiency in Wheat and Future Prospects. Frontiers in Plant Science, 11, 1157. (doi: 10.3389/fpls.2020.01157).
WGIN Resource used: WGIN Diversity trial over multiple years

An evaluation of recent trends in nitrogen use efficiency of UK wheat. (2020) DEFRA report EVID 4 CH0109
WGIN Resource used: WGIN Diversity trial over multiple years

AHDB Science report No 50 (published May 2020)
WGIN Resource used: WGIN Diversity trial over multiple years

*Min B., et al (2020) “A wheat quality QTL has effects on the galactolipid content of flour and the gas bubble properties of dough liquor” Food Chemistry (currently responding to review comments)
WGIN Resource used: WGIN Diversity trial over multiple years


*Dixon L. E., et al (2019) VERNALIZATION1 controls developmental responses of winter wheat under high ambient temperatures. Development
WGIN Resource used: Gediflux collection and population was developed with breeder input.

Hawkesford, M. J.,  Griffiths, S. (2019) Exploiting genetic variation in nitrogen use efficiency for cereal crop improvement. Current Opinion in Plant Biology, 49: 35–42.
WGIN Resource used: WGIN Diversity trial over multiple years

*Heyneke, E., Watanabe, M., Erban, A., Duan, G., Buchner, P. H., Walther, D., Kopka, J., Hawkesford, M. J., Hoefgen, R. (2019) Effect of Senescence Phenotypes and Nitrate Availability on Wheat Leaf Metabolome during Grain Filling. I, 9: 305.
WGIN Resource used: WGIN Diversity trial over multiple years

Holman, F. H., Riche, A., Castle, M., Wooster, M., Hawkesford, M. J. (2019) Radiometric calibration of ‘Commercial off the shelf’ cameras for UAV-based high-resolution temporal phenotyping of reflectance and NDVI. Remote Sensing, 11: 1657.
WGIN Resource used: WGIN Diversity trial over multiple years

* Ochagavía, Helga, Paula Prieto, Meluleki Zikhali, Simon Griffiths, and Gustavo A. Slafer* (2019)  "Earliness Per Se by Temperature Interaction on Wheat Development." Scientific Reports 9, 2584.  WGIN Resource used:  Avalon x Cadenza NILs

*Gardiner, Laura-Jayne, Luzie U. Wingen, Paul Bailey, Ryan Joynson, Thomas Brabbs, Jonathan Wright, James D. Higgins et al.  (2019) "Analysis of the recombination landscape of hexaploid bread wheat reveals genes controlling recombination and gene conversion frequency." bioRxiv ): 539684. WGIN Resource used:  Paragon x Chinese Spring population.

Kanyuka K, Rudd JJ (2019) Cell surface immune receptors: the guardians of the plant’s extracellular spaces.  Current Opinion in Plant Biology 50: 1-8
WGIN Resource used: Wall Associated Kinase (WAK) sequences

*Reynolds, Daniel, Joshua Ball, Alan Bauer, Robert Davey, Simon Griffiths, and Ji Zhou* (2019) "CropSight: A scalable and open-source information management system for distributed plant phenotyping and IoT-based crop management." GigaScience WGIN Resource used:  Paragon library

*Rossmann, A.,  Buchner, P., Savill, G. P., Powers, S. J., Hawkesford, M. J., Muhling, K. H. (2019)  Foliar N Application at Anthesis Stimulates Gene Expression of Grain Protein Fractions and Alters Protein Body Distribution in Winter Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.).  Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 67 (46):  12709-12719.
WGIN Resource used: WGIN Diversity trial over multiple years

*Rossmann, A., Buchner. P., Savill. G., Hawkesford, M. J., Scherf, K. A., Mühling, K. H. (2019) Foliar N application at anthesis alters grain protein composition and enhances baking quality in winter wheat only under a low N fertiliser regimen. European Journal of Agronomy, 109: 125909.
WGIN Resource used: WGIN Diversity trial over multiple years

*Prieto, Paula, Helga Ochagavía, Roxana Savin, Simon Griffiths, and Gustavo A. Slafer* (2018) "Dynamics of floret initiation/death determining spike fertility in wheat as affected by Ppd genes under field conditions." Journal of Experimental Botany 69, no. 10 2633-2645. WGIN Resource used:  Paragon library

*Ochagavía, Helga, Paula Prieto, Roxana Savin, Simon Griffiths, and Gustavo A Slafer* (2018) "Dynamics of leaf and spikelet primordia initiation in wheat as affected by Ppd-1a alleles under field conditions." Journal of Experimental Botany 69, no. 10 2621-2631. WGIN Resource used:  Paragon library

*Prieto, Paula, Helga Ochagavía, Roxana Savin, Simon Griffiths, and Gustavo A. Slafer *(2018):  "Physiological determinants of fertile floret survival in wheat as affected by earliness per se genes under field conditions." European Journal of Agronomy 99 206-213. WGIN Resource used:  AxC NILs

*Zhou, Ji, Francois Tardieu, Tony Pridmore, John Doonan, Daniel Reynolds, Neil Hall, Simon Griffiths et al.  (2018) "Plant phenomics: history, present status and challenges." Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University 41, no. 4 580-588. WGIN Resource used:   WGIN opinion

*Saintenac, C., Lee, W-S., Cambon, F., Rudd,  J.J., King,  R., Marande, W., Hélène Bergès, Phillips, A.L.,  Uauy, C., Hammond-Kosack, K.E., Langin, T.,  and Kanyuka, K. (2018) An evolutionary conserved pattern-recognition receptor like protein controls gene-for-gene resistance to a fungal pathogen in wheat. Nature Genetics 50, 368–374, doi:10.1038/s41588-018-0051 RRes  press release -    WGIN Resources used:   Avalon x Cadenza DH Mapping population,  Cadenza TILLING lines

McMillan, V.E., Canning, G., Moughan, J. R.P. White, J.R.P., Gutteridge, R.J. and Hammond-Kosack, K.E. (2018) Exploring the resilience of wheat crops grown in short rotations through minimising the build-up of an important soil-borne fungal pathogen. Nature Scientific Reports, 8, 9550  RRes press release - WGIN Resources used: Take-all field trials

*Osborne, S.-J., McMillan, V., White R. and Hammond-Kosack, K. E. (2018) Elite UK winter wheat cultivars differ in their ability to support the colonisation of beneficial root-infecting fungi Phialophora.  Journal of Experimental Botany   69, 3103-3115  RRes press release + BBSRC website + RC UK website - WGIN Resources used: The controlled environment root fungal bioassay

Press releases
Feb 2018    
May 2018
June 2018
Nov 2018



Acevedo-Garcia, J., Spencer, D., Thieron, H., Reinstaedler, A., Hammond-Kosack, K.E., Phillips A.L. and Panstruga, R.(2017) mlo-based powdery mildew resistance in hexaploid bread wheat generated by a non-transgenic TILLING approach. Plant Biotechnology Journal 15, 367-378

Hawkesford, M. J. 2017. Genetic variation in traits for nitrogen use efficiency in wheat. Journal of Experimental Botany 68, 2627-2632.

Simon, A. L., Wellham, P. A. D., Aradottir, G. I., Gange, A. C. (2017) Unravelling mycorrhiza-induced plant susceptibility to the English grain aphid Nature Scientific Reports doi:10.1038/srep46497

*Burridge, A.J., Wilkinson, P.A., Winfield, M.O., Barker, G.L.A., Allen, A.M., Coghill, J.A., Waterfall, C., & Edwards, K.J. (2017) Conversion of array-based single nucleotide polymorphic markers for use in targeted genotyping by sequencing in hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum). Plant Biotechnol J. 2017 Sep 15. doi: 10.1111/pbi.12834.

Wingen, L.U., West, C., Leverington-Waite, M., Collier, S., Orford, S., Goram, R., Yang, C.Y., King, J., Allen, A.M., Burridge, A., Edwards, K.J. & Griffiths, S. (2017) Wheat landrace genetic diversity. Genetics 205, 1657-1676

Winfield, M.O., Allen, A.M., Wilkinson, P.A., Burridge, A.J., Barker, G.L.A, Coghill, J., Waterfall, C., Wingen, L.U., Griffiths, S., Edwards, K.J. (2017) High density genotyping of the A.E. Watkins Collection of hexaploids landraces identifies a large number of novel alleles compared to elite bread wheat. Plant Biotechnol. J. doi: 10.1111/pbi.12757

Zhou, Ji, Daniel Reynolds, Danny Websdale, Thomas Le Cornu, Oscar Gonzalez-Navarro, Clare Lister, Simon Orford et al. "CropQuant: An automated and scalable field phenotyping platform for crop monitoring and trait measurements to facilitate breeding and digital agriculture." bioRxiv (2017): 161547.

Zikhali, Meluleki, Luzie U. Wingen, Michelle Leverington‐Waite, Sebastien Specel, and Simon Griffiths. "The identification of new candidate genes Triticum aestivum FLOWERING LOCUS T3‐B1 (TaFT3‐B1) and TARGET OF EAT1 (TaTOE1‐B1) controlling the short‐day photoperiod response in bread wheat." Plant, Cell & Environment 40, no. 11 (2017): 2678-2690.


*Allen, A. M., Winfield, M. O., Burridge, A. J., Downie, R. C., Benbow, H. R., Barker, G. L. A., Wilkinson, P. A., Coghill, J., Waterfall, C., Davassi, A., Scopes, G., Pirani, A., Webster, T., Brew, F., Bloor, C., Griffiths, S., Bentley, A. R., Alda, M., Jack, P., Phillips, A. L. and Edwards, K. J. (2016) Characterization of a Wheat Breeders’ Array suitable for high-throughput SNP genotyping of global accessions of hexaploid bread wheat (Triticum aestivum). P. Biotechnol. J., doi: 10.1111/pbi.12635.

Aradottir, G.I., Martin, J.L., Clark, S.J., Pickett, J.A. & Smart L.E. (2016). Searching for wheat resistance to aphids and wheat bulb fly in the historical Watkins and Gediflux wheat collections. Annals of Applied Biology doi:10.1111/aab.12326

Farre A., Sayers L., Leverington-Waite M., Goram R., Orford S., Wingen L., Mumford C., Griffiths S. (2016) Application of a library of near isogenic lines to understand context dependent expression of QTL for grain yield and adaptive traits in bread wheat. BMC Plant Biology 16 161

Fenner H. Holman, Andrew B. Riche, Adam Michalski, March Castle, Martin J. Wooster and Malcolm J. Hawkesford (2016) . High Throughput Field Phenotyping of Wheat Plant Height and Growth Rate in Field Plot Trials Using UAV Based Remote Sensing, Remote Sensing 8(12), 1031, doi: 10.3390/rs8121031

*Gardiner, L-J, Bansept-Basler, P., Olohan, L., Joynson, R., Brenchley, R.,  Hall, N.,
O’Sullivan, D.M. and Hall, A. (2016) Mapping-by-sequencing in complex polyploid genomes using genic sequence capture: a case study to map yellow rust resistance in hexaploid wheat. The Plant Journal 87, 403-419. No author funded by WGIN. This study used the A x C mapping population resource.

Greenslade A.F.C., Ward J.L., Martin J., Corol D.I., Clark S.J., Smart L.E., Aradottir G.I. (2016). Triticum monococcum lines with distinct metabolic phenotypes and phloem based resistance to the bird cherry oat aphid Rhopalosiphum padi. Annals of Applied Biology DOI: 10.1111/aab.12274

*Harper, A., Trick, M., He, Z.; Clissold, L., Fellgett, A., Griffiths, S. and  Bancroft, I. (2016). Genome distribution of differential homoeologue contributions to leaf gene expression in bread wheat Plant Biotechnology J. 14:1207-14 doi: 10.1111/pbi.12486.

*Mehrabi, Z., McMillan, V.E., Clark, I.M., Canning, G., Hammond-Kosack, K. E., Preston, G., Hirsch, P.R. and Mauchline, T.H. (2016) Pseudomonas spp. diversity is negatively associated with suppression of the wheat take-all pathogen. Nature Scientific Reports 6, e29905. With Rothamsted press release.

Jones H., Lukac M., Brak B., Martinez-Eixarch M., Alhomedi A., Gooding M., Wingen L., Griffiths S. (2016) "Photoperiod sensitivity affects flowering duration in wheat" The Journal of Agricultural Science FirstView 1-12.doi10.1017/S0021859616000125

*King, J., Grewal, S., Yang, C.-Y., Hubbart, S., Scholefield, D., Ashling, S., Edwards, K.J., Allen, A.M., Burridge, A., Bloor, C., Davassi, A., da Silva, G.J., Chalmers, K. and King, I.P. (2016) A step change in the transfer of interspecific variation into wheat from Amblyopyrum muticum. P. Biotechnol. J., doi: 10.1111/pbi.12606.

Kowalski A., Gooding M., Ferrante A., Slafer G., Orford S., Gasperini D., Griffiths S. (2016) "Agronomic assessment of the wheat semi-dwarfing gene Rht8 in contrasting nitrogen treatments and water regimes" Field Crops Research 191 150-160

* Wilkinson, PA, Winfield, MO, Barker, GLA, Tyrrell, S, Bian, X, Przewieslik-Allen, S, Burridge, A, Coghill, J, Waterfall, C, Caccamo, M, Davey, R & Edwards, K.J. (2016), CerealsDB 3.0: Expansion of resources and data integration. BMC Bioinformatics 17, doi: 10.1186/s12859-016-1139.


Ma J, Wingen L.U, Orford S, Fenwick P, Wang J, Griffiths S (2015) Using the UK reference population Avalon x Cadenza as a platform to compare breeding strategies in elite Western European bread wheat. Mol Breed 35:70-87 DOI 10.1007/s11032-015-0268-7

*Mauchline, T.H., Chedom-Fotso, D., Chandra, G., Samuels, T., Greenaway, N., Backhaus, A., McMillan, V.E., Canning, G., Powers, S.J., Hammond-Kosack, K.E., Hirsch, P.R., Clark, I.M., Mehrabi, Z., Roworth, J., Burnell, J. and Malone J.G. (2015) An analysis of Pseudomonas genomic diversity in take-all infected wheat fields reveals the lasting impact of wheat cultivars on the soil microbiota. Environmental Microbiology17:11, 4764-4778.

*Grimmer, M. K., Boyd, L. A., Clarke, S. M., et al. 2015. Pyramiding of partial disease resistance genes has a predictable, but diminishing, benefit to efficacy. Plant Pathology 64, 748-753.

*Winfield, M.O., Allen, A.M., Burridge, A.J., Barker, G.L.A., Benbow, H.R., Wilkinson, P.A., Coghill, J., Waterfall, C., Davassi, A., Scopes, G., Pirani, A., Webster, T., Brew, F., Bloor, C., King, J., West, C., Griffiths, S., King, I., Bentley, A.R. and Edwards, K.J. (2015) High-density SNP genotyping array for hexaploid wheat and its secondary and tertiary gene pool. P. Biotechnol. J.


McMillan, V.E.,  Gutteridge, R.J. and Hammond-Kosack, K.E. (2014). Identifying variation in resistance to the take-all fungus, Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici, between different ancestral and modern wheat species.  BMC Plant Biology 14:212-223 DOI: 10.1186/s12870-014-0212-8.

Wang, S. et al (2014). Characterization of polyploid wheat genomic diversity using a high-density 90 000 single nucleotide polymorphism array. Plant Biotechnology Journal doi: 10.1111/ pbi.12183

Galushko, V. and Gray, R. (2014). Twenty five years of private wheat breeding in the UK: Lessons for other countries. Science and Public Policy pp. 1-15, doi:10.1093/scipol/scu004

Burt, C. , Griffe, L. L., Ridolfini, A. P., Orford, S., Griffiths, S. and Nicholson, P. (2014). Mining the Watkins collection of wheat landraces for novel sources of eyespot resistance. Plant Pathology doi: 10.1111/ppa.12221

Zikhali, M., Leverington-Waite, M., Fish, L., Simmonds, J., Orford, S., Wingen, L. U., & Griffiths, S. (2014) Validation of a 1DL earliness per se (eps) flowering QTL in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum). Mol Breed. 34(3):1023-1033. Epub 2014 May 4

Tibor, K., Balla, K., Veisz, O., Lang, L., Bedo, Z., Griffiths, S., Isaac, P. and Karsai, I. (2014) Allele frequencies in the VRN-A1, VRN-B1 and VRN-D1 vernalization response and PPD-B1 and PPD-D1 photoperiod sensitivity genes, and their effects on heading in a diverse set of wheat cultivars (Triticum aestivum L.). Mol Breed. 34(2): 297-310

Hawkesford, M. J.(2014). Reducing the reliance on nitrogen fertilizer for wheat production. Journal of Cereal Science 59, 276-283

Molnar, I., Kubalakova, M., Simkova, H., Farkas, A., Cseh, A., Megyeri, M., Vrana, J., Molnar-Lang, M. and Dolezel, J. (2014). Flow cytometric chromosome sorting from diploid progenitors of bread wheat, T. urartu, Ae. speltoides and Ae. Tauschii. Theor Appl Genet (2014) 127:1091-1104

Chope, G.A., Wan, Y., Penson, S.P., Bhandari, D.G., Powers, S.J., Shewry, P.R. and Hawkesford, M.J. (2014). Effects of Genotype, Season, and Nitrogen Nutrition on Gene Expression and Protein Accumulation in Wheat Grain. J. Agric. Food Chem.

Barraclough, P. B., Lopez-Bellido, R., Hawkesford, M. J. (2014). Genotypic Variation in the Uptake, Partitioning and Remobilisation of Nitrogen During Grain-Filling in Wheat. Field Crops Research 156, 242-248

Wingen, L. U., Orford, S., Goram, R., et al. 2014. Establishing the A. E. Watkins landrace cultivar collection as a resource for systematic gene discovery in bread wheat. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 127, 1831-1842.

*Xue, Y. F., Eagling, T., He, J. B., et al. (2014). Effects of Nitrogen on the Distribution and Chemical Speciation of Iron and Zinc in Pearling Fractions of Wheat Grain. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 62, 4738-4746.

Wan, Y., Sanchis Gritsch, C., Hawkesford, M. J. & Shewry, P. R.(2014). Effects of Nitrogen Nutrition on the Synthesis and Deposition of the Omega-Gliadins of Wheat. Annals of Botany 113, 607-615


Allen, A. M., Barker, G. L. A., Wilkinson, P., Burridge, A., Winfield, M.,Coghill, J., Uauy, C., Griffiths, S., Jack, P., Berry, S., Werner, P., Melichar, J. P. E., McDougall, J., Gwilliam, R., Robinson, P. and Edwards, K. J. (2013) Discovery and development of exome-based, co-dominant single nucleotide polymorphism markers in hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Plant Biotechnology Journal 11, 279-295

Bai, C., Liang, Y. & Hawkesford, M. J. (2013). Identification of QTLs Associated With Seedling Root Traits and Their Correlation With Plant Height in Wheat. Journal of Experimental Botany 64, 1745-1753

Shaw, L.M., et al. (2013). Mutant Alleles of Photoperiod-1 in Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) That Confer a Late Flowering Phenotype in Long Days. Plos One 8(11): e79459. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0079459

He, J., Penson, S., Powers, S.J., Hawes, C., Shewry, P.R. and Tosi, P. (2013). Spatial Patterns of Gluten Protein and Polymer Distribution in Wheat Grain. J. Agric. Food Chem. 61, 6207-6215

Molnar, I., et al., (2013). Syntenic Relationships Between the U and M Genomes of Aegilops, Wheat and the Model Species Brachypodium and Rice as Revealed by COS Markers. Plos One 8(8): e70844. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0070844

Bogard, M., Allard, V., Martre, P., Heumez, E., Snape, J.W., Orford, S., Griffiths, S., Gaju, O., Foulkes, J., and Le Gouis, J. (2013). Identifying wheat genomic regions for improving grain protein concentration independently of grain yield using multiple inter-related populations. Mol Breed 31, 587-599

Shewry, P. R., Hawkesford, M. J., Piironen, V., et al. (2013). Natural Variation in Grain Composition of Wheat and Related Cereals. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 61, 8295-8303.

Wilhelm, E.P., et al. (2013). Genetic Characterization and Mapping of the Rht-1 Homoeologs and Flanking Sequences in Wheat. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 126(5), 1321-1336


Campbell, G.M., et al. (2012). Modelling Wheat Breakage During Roller Milling Using the Double Normalised Kumaraswamy Breakage Function: Effects of Kernel Shape and Hardness. Journal of Cereal Science 55, 415-425

Parry, M. A. J. & Hawkesford, M. J. (2012). An Integrated Approach to Crop Genetic Improvement. J Integr Plant Biol. 54, 250-259

Gasperini, D., Greenland, A., Hedden, P., Dreos, R., Harwood, W. & Griffiths, S. (2012). Genetic and Physiological Analysis of Rht8 in Bread Wheat: an Alternative Source of Semi-Dwarfism With a Reduced Modified Sensitivity to Brassinosteroids. Journal of Experimental Botany 63(12), 4419-4436

Griffiths, S., Simmonds, J. , Leverington, M., Wang, Y., Fish, L., Sayers, L., Alibert, L., Orford, S., Wingen, L. & Snape, J. (2012). Meta-QTL Analysis of the Genetic Control of Crop Height in Elite European Winter Wheat Germplasm. Molecular Breeding 29, 159-171, DOI 10.1007/s11032-010-9534-x (publ online 2010)

Lukac, M., Gooding, M. J., Griffiths, S. & Jones, H. E. (2012). Asynchronous Flowering and Within-Plant Flowering Diversity in Wheat and the Implications for Crop Resilience to Heat. Annals of Botany 109, 843-850

Macdonald, A. J. & Gutteridge, Richard J. (2012). Effects of Ttake-all (Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici) on Crop N Uptake and Residual Mineral N in Soil at Harvest of Winter Wheat. Plant Soil 350, 253-260

Derkx, A.P., et al. (2012). Identification of Differentially Senescing Mutants of Wheat and Impacts on Yield, Biomass and Nitrogen Partitioning. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology 54(8), 555-566

*Reynolds, M., Foulkes, J., Furbank, R., et al. (2012). Achieving yield gains in wheat. Plant Cell and Environment 35, 1799-1823.

Chen, L., Huang, L.Z., Min, D.H., Phillips, A., Wang, S.Q., Madgwick, P.J., Parry, M.A.J. and Hu, Y.G. (2012). Development and Characterization of a New TILLING Population of Common Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). PLoS ONE 7(7): e41570. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0041570


Botticella, E., Sestili, F., Hernandez-Lopez, A., Phillips, A., and Lafiandra, D. (2011). High resolution melting analysis for the detection of EMS induced mutations in wheat SbeIIa genes. BMC Plant Biol. 11, 156-170

Allen, A.M, Barker G. L. A., Berry, S.T., Coghill, J.A., Gwilliam, R., Kirby, S., Robinson, P., Brenchley, R. C., D'Amore, R., McKenzie, N., Hall, A., Bevan, M., Hall, N. & Edwards, K.J. (2011). Transcript-Specific, Single-Nucleotide Polymorphism Discovery and Linkage Analysis in Hexaploid Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Plant Biotechnology Journal, 9(9): 1086-1099

Burt, C. & Nicholson, P. (2011). Exploiting Co-Linearity Among Grass Species to Map the Aegilops ventricosa-Derived Pch1 Eyespot Resistance in Wheat and Establish its Relationship to Pch2. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 123, 1387-1400

Howard, T., Rejab, N.A., Griffiths, S., Leigh, F., Leverington-Waite, M., Simmonds, J., Uauy, C. & Trafford, K. (2011). Identification of a Major QTL Controlling the Content of B-type Starch Granules in Aegilops. Journal of Experimental Botany 62(6), 2217-2228


Rakszegi, M., Kisgyorgy, B. N., Tearall, K., Shewry, P. R., Lang, L., Phillips, A. and Bedo, Z. (2010). Diversity of agronomic and morphological traits in a mutant population of bread wheat studied in the Healthgrain program. Euphytica (2010) 174, 409-421

Sestili, F., Botticella, E., Bedo, Z., Phillips, A. and Lafiandra, D.(2010). Production of novel allelic variation for genes involved in starch biosynthesis through mutagenesis. Mol Breeding 25, 145-154

Barraclough P.B., Howarth, J. R., Jones, J., Lopez-Bellido, R., Parmar, S., Shepherd, C. E. & Hawkesford, M.J. (2010). Nitrogen Efficiency of Wheat: Genotypic and Environmental Variation and Prospects for Improvement. Eur J Agron 33, 1-11

Parry, M. A. J. & Hawkesford, M. J. (2010). Food Security: Increasing Yield and Improving Resource Use Efficiency. Proc Nutr Soc 69(4), 592-600

Gegas, V., Nazari, A., Griffiths, S., Simmonds, J., Fish, L., Orford, S., Sayers, L., Doonan, J. & Snape, J. (2010). A Genetic Framework for Grain Size and Shape Variation in Wheat. Plant Cell 22 (4) 1046-1056

McMillan, V. E., Hammond-Kosack, K.E. & Gutteridge, R. J. (2010). Evidence that Wheat Varieties Differ in their Ability to Build-up Inoculum of the Take-all Fungus, Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici, Under a First Wheat Crop. Plant Pathology 60, 200-206


Griffiths, S., Simmonds, J., Leverington, M., Wang, Y., Fish, L., Sayers, L., Alibert, L., Orford,S., Wingen, L., Herry, L., Faure, S., Laurie, D., Bilham, L. & Snape, J. (2009). Meta-QTL Analysis of the Genetic Control of Ear Emergence in Elite European Winter Wheat Germplasm. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 119(3), 383-95

Jing, H. C., Bayon, C., Kanyuka, K., Berry, S., Wenzel, P., Huttner, E., Kilian, A. & Hamond-Kosack, K. E. (2009). DArT Markers: Diversity Analyses, Genomes Comparison, Mapping and Integration with SSR Markers in Triticum monococcum. BMC Genomics 10: 458. doi:10.1186/1471-2164-10-458


Jing, H. C., Lovell, D., Gutteridge, R., Jenk, D., Kornyukhin, D., Mitrofanova, O. P., Kema, G. & Hammond-Kosack, K. E. (2008). Phenotypic and Genetic Analysis of the Triticum monococcum - Mycosphaerella graminicola Interaction. New Phytologist 179, 1121-1132

Al-Kaff, N., Knight, E., Bertin, I., Foote, T., Hart, N., Griffiths, S. & Moore, G. (2008). Detailed Dissection of the Chromosomal Region Containing the Ph1 Locus in Wheat Triticum aestivum : With Deletion Mutants and Expression Profiling. Annals of Botany 101(6), 863-872


Jing, H. C., Kornyukhin, D., Kanyuka, K., Orford, S., Zlatska, A., Mitrofanova, O. P., Koebner, R. M. D. & Hammond-Kosack, K. E. (2007). Identification of Variation in Adaptively Important Traits and Genome-Wide Analysis of Trait-Marker Associations in Triticum monococcum. Journal of Experimental Botany 58, 3749-3764


Waugh, R., Leader, D. J., McCallum, N. and Caldwell, D. (2006). Harvesting the potential of induced biological diversity. TRENDS in Plant Science 11(2), 71-79

Hayden, M. J., Stephenson, P., Logojan, A.M., Khatkar, D., Rogers, C., Elsden, J., Koebner, R. M. D., Snape, J. W. & Sharp, P. J. (2006). Development and Genetic Mapping of Sequence Tagged Microsatellites (STMs) in Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L). Theoretical and Applied Genetics 113, 1271-1281


Kanyuka, K., Lovell, D., Mitrofanova, O. P., Hammond-Kosack, K. E. & Adams, M. J. (2004). A Controlled Environment Test for Resistance to Soil-Borne Cereal Mosaic Virus (SBCMV) and its Use to Determine the Mode of Inheritance of Resistance in Wheat cv. Cadenza and Screening Triticum monococcum Genotypes for Sources of SBCMV Resistance. Plant Pathology 53, pp 154-160

Non Peer-Reviewed

Foulkes, J., Griffiths, S., Orford, S., Carvalho, P. & DeSilva, J. (2013). Increasing the efficiency of water use of wheat by identification of isotope-based screens indicative of water use, transpiration efficiency and drought tolerance. Proceedings of AAB Conference Crop Resource Use Efficiency and Field Phenotyping. Belton Woods, Grantham, Lincs, UK, 25-26 March 2013

Shewry, P. R., Wan, Y., Chope, G., Penson, S., Mosleth, E. F. & Hawkesford, M. J. (2013). Sustainability of UK-grown wheat for bread-making. HGCA Project Report 521

Hawkesford, M. J. (2012). Improving nutrient use efficiency in crops. eLS (electronic encyclopedia of life science). Wiley., 15 NOV 2012, DOI: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0023734

Hawkesford, M. J. (2012). Nitrogen use efficiency and long and longer term experiments at Rothamsted. Manuscript for XIV Congreso Internacional en Ciencias Agricolas, Mexicali, Mexico, October 2011

Foulkes, M. J., Gaju, O., Allard, V., Martre, P., Snape, J., Le Gouis, J., Griffiths, S., Sylvester-Bradley, R. (2012). Increasing the efficiency of water and nutrient use of crops by exploitation of novel germplasm, traits and technologies. Proceedings of 12th Congress of the European Society for Agronomy, University of Helsinki, Finland 20-24 August 2012

Conference Poster: Wingen L. U., Orford S., Goram R., Leverington-Waite M., Bilham L., Dicks J., Griffiths S. (2011). Mining for Useful Variation in the AE Watkins Wheat Collection. European Plant Genetic Resources Conference 2011: 20th meeting of the EUCARPIA Section Genetic Resources, April 5-7, 2011

Conference Poster: Wingen L. U., Dicks J., Griffiths S. (2011). Data Management and QTL Discovery in Wheat Research. International Symposium on Integrative Bioinformatics, Wageningen, The Netherlands, March 21-23, 2011

Hawkesford, M. J. (2011). An overview of nutrient use efficiency. In ‘The Molecular and Physiological basis of Nutrient Use Efficiency in Crops’, Hawkesford, M. J. & Barraclough, P., eds. Wiley Blackwell, Chichester, pp 5-19

DeKok, L.J., Stulen,I. & Hawkesford, M. J. (2011).Sulfur nutrition in crop plants. In ‘The Molecular and Physiological basis of Nutrient Use Efficiency in Crops’, Hawkesford, M. J. & Barraclough, P., eds. Wiley Blackwell, Chichester, pp 295-309

McMillan, V. E., Hammond-Kosack, K. E., Kanyuka, K. & Gutteridge, R. J. (2011). Reducing take-all inoculum build-up during a first wheat crop. Phytopathology 101(6): S118

Brown, N. A., McMillan, V. E., Urban, M., Gutteridge, R. J., Kanyuka, K., Antoniw, J., van de Meene, A. & Hammond-Kosack, K. E. (2011). New knowledge on the important wheat diseases, Fusarium ear blight (head scab) and take-all. Rothamsted Research Annual Report.

McMillan, V. E., Hammond-Kosack, K. E., Kanyuka, K. & Gutteridge, R. J. (2011). A new approach to reduce the risk of Take-all disease. Rothamsted Research Newsletter (April).

McMillan, V. E., Hammond-Kosack, K. E & Gutteridge, R. J. (2011).Rothamsted Research Day 21st October 2011, Conference Poster: Reducing take-all inoculum build-up during a first wheat crop: a genetic approach.

Hawkesford, M. J. & Howarth, J. R. (2010). Transcriptional profiling approaches for studying nitrogen use efficiency. In: Annual Plant Reviews Volume 42: (Chapter 2) Nitrogen Metabolism in Plants in the Post-Genomic Era eds: C Foyer and H Zhang, Blackwell Publishing, pp. 41-62

Parry, M. A. J. & Hawkesford, M. J. (2010). Genetic approaches to reduce greenhouse gas emissions: increasing carbon capture and decreasing environmental impact. In: Climate Change and Crop Production (ed. M.P. Reynolds) CAB International. pp139-150

Gutteridge, R. J., Treskic, S. & Hammond-Kosack, K. E. (2008). Assessing take-all risk in second wheats using the Predicta B test. HGCA Project Report No. 445

Jing, H. C., Lovell, D., Kornyukhin, D., Kanyuka, K., Tearall, K., Phillips, A., Orford, S., Koebner, R. M.D., Mitrofanova, O. P. & Hammond-Kosack, K. E. (2005). New Approaches for Durable Disease Resistance in Wheat. BCPC International Congress & Exhibition - Crop Science & Technology, pp 963-970


Articles in Popular Press

Heather Briggs 2018. Designing future wheat - is it all in the genes? Arable Farming June 2018 pp26-28

Hawkesford, M. J. 2012. The diversity of nitrogen use efficiency for wheat varieties and the potential for crop improvement. Better Crops, 12, pp. 7-9.

Cereals 2011 (June) Living display and three posters on take-all inoculum build up, root resistance in wheat to Take-all and the agronomic practices which can minimise the risk of Take-all. Prepared and presented by Vanessa McMillan and Richard Gutteridge. This display had immediate on line coverage of the take-all story on Farmers Weekly interactive online entitled ‘Take-all levels linked to first wheat - 13th June 2011'

16.06.2009: Article in Farmers Weekly on Wheat Take-All (

August 2009: The diversity trials were filmed as part of the BBC report 'Averting a perfect storm of shortages'( world/8219184.stm)

Article written for the Next Generations Foods website entitled ‘WGIN - Improving the Environmental Footprint of Farming’ available at

The WGIN T. monococcum field trial appeared in the BBSRC brochure 'The Bioscience behind: Secure harvests' in the section 'Getting novel traits into wheat'.